The word ‘ski’ originates from the Norwegian word ‘skith’ meaning ‘snow shoe’.
In 1825 Sondre Norheim was born in the Norwegian region of Telemark. He would become a skiing pioneer and is widely seen as the father of telemark.
In 1868 he won the first national skiing competition in Christiania (now Oslo) beating younger opponents in the process.
In 1884 he emigrated to the United States. Norheim died in 1897 and is buried in North Dakota.Skiing became known internationally after the Norwegian explorer Fridtjof Nansen crossed Greenland in 1888, using rudimentary skis and two-metre long poles.